A coin depicting the traditional Greek king Antiochus IV, a villain within the Jewish Hanukkah story, has been found amongst a trove of artifacts stolen from a sacred web site in Israel.
The piece, minted between 169 and 164 BC, commemorates the traditional king’s victories in Egypt. Nonetheless, Antiochus is extra well-known for persecuting Jews and defiling their Temple in Jerusalem greater than 1,850 years in the past.
Whereas the coin’s discovery is thrilling and occurred simply weeks earlier than the primary day of Hanukkah, officers are involved in regards to the man who broke the regulation – he looted a number of different cash and historical artifacts from a protected space of Kiryat Shmona.
Israel Antiquities Authority, which raided the person’s residence, stated the removing of such objects might probably hurt essential analysis being carried out on the web site and destroy any data that has but to be uncovered.
The traditional coin dates again between 169 and 164 BC and commemorates the traditional Greek king Antiochus IV’s victories over Egypt. The king, nonetheless, is thought for his persecution of Jews
Hanukkah is an eight-day Jewish celebration that begins on December 18 and ends on the night of December 26.
The vacation honors the rededication in the course of the second century BC of the Second Temple in Jerusalem, as the primary was destroyed by Antiochus, who changed it with an altar praying to the Greek gods.
Antiochus captured Jerusalem in 167 BC and desecrated the Temple by sacrificing a pig on an altar to Zeus.
The coin was discovered inside a person’s residence who had looted a number of artifacts from a sacred web site in Israel
Hanukkah commemorates the Maccabean, or Hasmonean, victories over the king’s forces in 167 BC.
The Jewish military was led by Mattathias Maccabee and his son Judas, who had been the primary Jews to defend their non secular beliefs reasonably than their lives.
The Maccabean revolt led to the seize of Jerusalem, the reestablishment of Jewish worship within the Temple and the Hasmonean dynasty that dominated Judea till 67 BC.
Antiochus IV is a villain within the Jewish Hanukkah story who persecuted Jews and destroyed their Temple. Pictured is a statue of the king
The coin, nonetheless, is a reminder of the darkish time earlier than the Maccabean victory over their Greek oppressors.
Retired Israel Antiquities Authority coin researcher Dr Danny Shion instructed The Jerusalem Submit: ‘Antiochus, king of the Seleucid kingdom, was formally named ‘Epiphanes’ – the face of God, however behind his again his topics known as him Epimanes – the loopy Antiochus.’
The raid was carried out Tuesday, and whereas the suspect instructed the Israel Antiquities Authority he was solely in search of geological finds, officers discovered arrowheads, rings, make-up instruments, buckles, lead objects, buttons and extra hiding in his residence.
Nir Distelfeld, the inspector of the theft prevention unit on the Israel Antiquities Authority within the northern area, stated: ‘Though the discover is gorgeous and the timing of its discovery earlier than Hanukkah is thrilling, we should not overlook that the suspect broke the regulation.
‘Many looted objects had been present in his home. The suspect claimed to be a geology fanatic in search of quartz crystals and metals, however ‘on the best way’ additionally collected cash and historical artifacts.’
Pictured is similar coin discovered within the man’s residence, however this one shouldn’t be as weathered
There are nonetheless stays from the battle Jews endured in opposition to their Greek oppressors. Final November, charred stays of a 2,100-year-old Greek fortress had been unearthed in Israel, and consultants stated the scene supplies ‘tangible proof of the Hanukkah story’
There are nonetheless stays from the battle Jews endured in opposition to their Greek oppressors.
Final November, charred stays of a 2,100-year-old Greek fortress had been unearthed in Israel, and consultants stated the scene supplies ‘tangible proof of the Hanukkah story.’
The fortress, measuring 50 toes by 50 toes, was constructed of nine-foot-long stone partitions earlier than being burned to the bottom in the course of the battle of the Hasmoneans and Seleucids, the dominion of Antiochus.
The traditional battle started when the Hasmoneans noticed Seleucid troopers stationed within the fortress that sat on a hill overlooking the Hellenistic metropolis of Maresha.
No preventing was achieved contained in the construction, however the Jewish rebels knocked down the roof, which led to the partitions collapsing – after which they set their enemy fortress ablaze.
Whereas transferring mounds of grime away from the ruins, archaeologists uncovered 1000’s of collapsed stones that exposed a large one-foot-thick destruction layer that held lots of of artifacts courting to the late second century BC.
The workforce pulled troves of pottery, slingshots, iron weapons, burnt picket beams and dozens of cash from the location.